Recipe: How to Convert Australian, Indian, English and US Cup and Spoon Measures


It is confusing when cooking measures are not standardised around the world. While in most recipes the odd 10ml here or there does not make a lot of difference, in others it does. Baking is a prime example. To help you convert, here are the measures used.

Measurements Australia UK USA India FDA
Teaspoon 5 ml 5 ml 4.93 ml  5 ml 5 ml
Dessertspoon  10 ml 10 ml Trad 25ml, now 10 ml used
Tablespoon 20 ml 15 ml 14.79 ml 15 ml 15 ml
Cup 250 ml 285 ml 236.59 ml 250 ml 240 ml
Ladle 25 ml, 45ml or even 120 ml**
Chef’s Spoon 40 ml

** A ladle isn’t a quantifiable measure, as there are many different volumes associated with this measure in different sources. Suffice to say – a ladle of an ingredient is enough of that ingredient to suit the purposes of the dish. For example, a ladle of ghee might be 25 ml, a ladle of curry base might be 120 ml.